RESEARCH GROUP ON LAW, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY (LSTS) was created in 2003 as an independent entity within the Faculty of Law & Criminology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). With more than 47 researchers at all levels of experience, LSTS has become a prominent European research institute in the area of technology regulation. LSTS has a well-established reputation in research concerning privacy and data protection, an area where the work done by LSTS researchers is highly influential. Other research areas at LSTS concern the impact of technologies and surveillance on fundamental rights in the Information Society, Intellectual property rights as they relate to the use of ICTs, the changing nature of law (digital legal theory) and the role of law in relation to science, technology and politics. LSTS researchers operate the Brussels Privacy Hub (www.brusselsprivacyhub.org), an internationally focused privacy research centre and the Privacy Salon, an NGO aiming at public awareness of privacy and other social and ethical consequences of new technologies. As part of the LSTS, researchers also operate the Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments, or d.pia.lab (http://dpialab.brussels), which connects basic, methodological and applied research, provides training and delivers policy advice related to impact assessments in the areas of innovation and technology development. Whilst legal aspects of privacy and personal data protection constitute our core expertise, the Laboratory mobilises other disciplines including ethics, philosophy, surveillance studies and science, technology & society (STS) studies. LSTS and its staff have wide experience with conducting research projects of both a basic and an applied nature. To the extent needed, the core team can also draw upon the expertise of further staff members as well as the general resources of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. More details can be found on its website at www.vub.ac.be/LSTS
Prof. Dr. Paul De Hert is an international fundamental rights expert, with work on human rights and criminal and surveillance law, constitutionalism and the impact of technology on law. He is professor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and associate professor at Tilburg University where he teaches “Privacy and Data Protection” at the Tilburg Institute of Law, Technology, and Society (TILT). At VUB, he holds the chair of ‘International, European and Belgian Criminal Law’ and ‘History of Constitutionalism’. He is Director of the Research Group on Fundamental Rights and Constitutionalism (FRC), Director of the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Law (Metajuridica) and co-Director of the Research Group Law Science Technology & Society (LSTS). He is member of the editorial boards of several national and international scientific journals.
Vagelis Papakonstantinou is a co-founder of MPlegal Law Firm in Athens and a researcher at the Research Group on Law Science Technology & Society (LSTS) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. He has graduated from the Athens Law School (LLB), Strathclyde University (LLM) and Frankfurt University (Dr. Jur.). He has served as an adjunct professor at the University of Patras and as an academic assistant at the International Hellenic University. He is a member of the Board of Directors of several sociétés anonymes, as well as a member of the Board of Directors of the Hellenic Copyright Organisation (for a second term). Vagelis Papakonstantinou has extensive theoretical and practical experience in all fields of Information Technology Law and Intellectual Property Law, is the author of several books and articles with Greek and international publishers and frequently consults the Greek government in the related fields.
Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, LLM is a full-time researcher with the Research Group on Law, Science, Technology and Society (LSTS) at Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and part-time with Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). He also freelances at the Centre for Direct Democracy Studies (CDDS) at University of Białystok. His expertise concentrates on the governance of privacy and personal data protection, in particular on the notion of impact assessments for emerging technologies. He is a founding member of the Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments (d.pia.lab) at VUB-LSTS. He has been involved in a number of EU co-funded research projects, such as PIAF, ADVISE, EPINET, LASIE, FORENSOR, PARENT and MaTHiSiS. He holds both an LL.M. in Law and Technology (2010) from the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) at Tilburg University (with distinction) and a master degree in law from the University of Białystok (2008), having also studied at the University of Copenhagen (2007-2008).
István Böröcz, LLM is a researcher at the research group on Law, Science, Technology & Society (LSTS). He is a member of the Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments (d.pia.lab). He obtained his LLM in Law and Technology at Tilburg University (2016) and his postgraduate specialist diploma in information and communication technology law at the University of Pécs (2015). He obtained his law degree (JD) at the University of Pécs (2013). He is interested in the notion of risk to the rights and freedoms of the individual along with the legal, theoretical and practical issues of Human Enhancement Technologies (HETs), with special focus on cognitive enhancement. He is involved in several EU co-funded research projects, such as STAR, MaTHiSiS, FORENSOR, SUCCESS and PARENT. He is a member of the ethical advisory board of the H2020 project CUIDAR (Cultures of Disaster Resilience among children and young people).
TRILATERAL RESEARCH is a leading research and advisory company based in the United Kingdom and in Ireland. Founded in 2004, it operates in the fields of information and communication technology, privacy & data protection, smart cities, crisis & security, and environmental sustainability. Its multidisciplinary team is composed of lawyers, political scientists, economists, sociologists, computer scientists, engineers, criminologists, and human rights experts putting together their expertise to deliver bespoke, high-quality services to clients in the public and private sector. Trilateral Research has taken part – as a partner or coordinator – in over 40 projects for the European Union and national governments, especially in the fields of data protection, privacy, and the ethics of new and emerging technologies. Recent projects have included supporting cooperation between EU data protection authorities (PHAEDRA I and II) and analysing the impacts of various elements of the GDPR (e.g. privacy certification, implications for drone operators, big data analytics, and data protection impact assessments). Further information on past and current projects, as well as on other services and activities, may be found at http://www.trilateralresearch.com
David Wright, Director and Founder of Trilateral Research, has initiated, organised and participated in several successful consortia, especially in the European Commission’s Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Framework Programmes (FP5, FP6, FP7), and in the Horizon 2020 Programme. As a Director of Trilateral Research, he has also undertaken work for a range of clients, including the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) and the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO. He has been a member of four ENISA expert groups and was a member of the DG Research Trust-at-Risk foresight group. He is also a member of the European Foresight Monitoring Network. David has edited several books on advanced technologies and their regulation, including Enforcing Privacy (Springer, 2016), Surveillance in Europe (Routledge, 2015), and Privacy Impact Assessment (Springer, 2012). He has also authored over 40 articles in leading international peer-reviewed journals.
Kush Wadhwa, Director at Trilateral Research, provides strategic direction for research and innovation across a diverse set of technology, policy, and socio-economic areas. His work is focused upon data sciences, including big data, data analytics, predictive analytics, social media analytics, and data-driven innovation. This work is complemented by prior experience in social-science-focused projects related to privacy and data protection, security, crisis, and disaster management, and by his private-sector work in technology development organisations where he has extensive experience in business modelling, service/product management and fulfilment, and innovation management. Kush has coordinated and participated in several European projects in FP7 and H2020. He has worked on system integration projects for government entities, alongside system integrators (e.g., Raytheon, Honeywell, Accenture, Northrup, etc.) for critical infrastructure protection, biometrics, security and surveillance projects.
David Barnard-Wills, Research Manager at Trilateral Research. His work specialises in the intersection of technology, politics and the social world. He has conducted research on the cyber security of smart homes, privacy and security certification schemes, public attitudes to privacy and security, international data protection policy and governance, decisions support. His work has contributed to developing new approaches to applied societal and privacy impact assessment, and the design of ethical technologies. David holds a PhD in Politics from the University of Nottingham and has previously been a Research Fellow at the University of Birmingham, Cranfield University, and the UK’s Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology. He holds an MA in Political Science (Research Methods) including training in qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Filippo Marchetti, Research Analyst at Trilateral Research, is specialised in International and EU Data Protection Law. Before joining Trilateral Research, he worked as a Research Fellow in International Law at the University of Milan. In this capacity, he carried out research and coordination activities within two EU-funded projects (EUFAMS and EUPILLAR) and assisted the Italian Members of the International Law Association’s Committee on the Protection of Privacy in Private International Law. Filippo holds a PhD in International Law and Economics from Bocconi University and an IBITGQ certification as an EU GDPR Practitioner.
The NEMZETI ADATVÉDELMI ÉS INFORMÁCIÓSZABADSÁG HATÓSÁG (National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information) (NAIH), the Hungarian DPA, was formally set up in 2011 due to recent constitutional changes, but in reality continued the work of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (ombudsman), originally set up in 1995. The first privacy act of Hungary (1992) was the first piece of privacy legislation in Eastern Europe. NAIH devotes many efforts, in addition to its daily routine of supervisory activities, to the training and awareness rising activities, to preparation of training materials and execution of lectures. On its website NAIH disseminates update information on the reform of the EU data of data protection legislation, including under the GDPR and the Directive. NAIH keeps paying special attention to the activity and support of internal DPOs. DPO conferences are organised at least twice a year where participants are informed on the past experiences of the Authority’s audit procedure and of data protection administrative procedures as well as legal issues arising from actual cases but the conferences also aim awareness raising goals as far as the data controllers’ future duties and obligations deriving from the new EU data protection legislation are concerned. Beyond the conferences, the NAIH strives to give high priority to the numerous submissions and notifications from DPOs. There are clear demands for verbal and written consultations; DPOs regularly turn to the Authority with their queries.
Dr. Attila Péterfalvi is the President of the Hungarian National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information. He graduated from Faculty of Political Science and Law of the Eötvös Loránd University in 1981. He has been active in the field of data protection from 1996. Between 2001-2007 he was the Parliamentary Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information in Hungary. He is Honorary Professor at Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church and also at Pázmány Péter Catholic University in Hungary. He was member of management board of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) between 2010-15. He obtained his PhD in 2014 at the National University of Public Service. He has authored numerous publications on data protection and freedom of information in Hungarian and English language.
Dr. Júlia Sziklay earned her law degree, summa cum laude, from the ELTE University of Science, Faculty of Law in 1995, and later, in 1998, completed a second major in political science from the same institution. In 2012 she was awarded a Ph.D from Pécs University of Science, Faculty of Law with her thesis ‘The establishment, development and social effects of the informational rights’. In 1995 she joined Hungary’s first Privacy Commissioner at the newly created special ombudsman’s office concerned with data protection and freedom of information rights. She became head of the International Department in 2007. Between 2009 and 2011, while still at the office of the parliamentary commissioners, she was in charge of the international office for civil rights protection. As of January 1 2012, Dr. Sziklay heads the International and Communications Department at the newly formed National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information. She has numerous professional publications in the fields of privacy protection institutions, informational rights and protection of human rights.
Gábor Kulitsán started working at the International Affairs and Public Relations Department of the Hungarian DPA in January 2017. He graduated from University of Pannonia as expert in international relations in 2010 and then from 2011 until the end of 2016 he worked as case officer and later as head of unit in a special field of asylum, the so-called Dublin system, at the Office of Immigration and Nationality of Hungary. He gained extensive knowledge and experience in national and European databases related to immigration and therefore he represents NAIH in working groups responsible for supervision of these databases (Eurodac, SIS and VIS). Besides that, he is primarily concerned with the privacy aspects of video surveillance.